What Is Blepharitis?

Blepharitis or Blefaritis is an inflammation of the edges of the eyelids that cause the part to look swollen and red. This condition generally concerns both eyes. Usually one eye will appear more inflamed than the other eye. Blepharitis can be experienced by all age groups, but this condition is not contagious. There are three types of blepharitis, namely anterior, posterior, and mixed blepharitis (a combination of anterior and posterior blepharitis).

Anterior blepharitis is characterized by inflammation of the skin around the base of the lashes. This type is generally caused by reactions to staphylococcus bacteria. In addition, anterior blepharitis is also associated with seborrheic dermatitis. Posterior blepharitis is characterized by inflammation of the Meibomian glands as a result of clogs of skin, debris, and inflammation. In addition, blockage of glands located along the eyelid edge behind the lashes can also be associated with other conditions, namely rosacea .

Symptoms Blepharitis
Symptoms of blepharitis usually worsen in the morning. In addition to swelling and redness of the eyelid, other symptoms of blepharitis are:
  • The eyelid feels itchy
  • Eyes may appear watery or may appear dry
  • Eyes felt gritty and hot
  • Exfoliation around the eyes
  • Eyelashes become crusty or oily
  • Eyelid edges look swollen
  • Eyelids become sticky
  • Eyes become sensitive to sunlight
  • Vision looks blurry
  • Eyelash growth is not normal
  • Without realizing it, the eyes become more often flashing
  • Uncomfortable when wearing eyepiece
  • Loss of eyelashes (in severe cases of blepharitis)
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Diagnosis of Blepharitis
Diagnosis blefaritis can be done by the doctor by examining the patient's eye, especially on the eyelid. During the examination, the doctor will use a special tool that serves to resemble a magnifying glass to be able to see the patient's eyes in more detail.
To determine the cause of blepharitis or the presence of conditions other than blepharitis, the doctor will examine samples of skin crust or oil on the eyelid. From these samples, can be ascertained if there are fungi, bacteria, or even the possibility of allergies.

Treatment of Blepharitis
If the inflammatory level is not severe, try to relieve it at home by washing your eyes with clean water and compressing it with warm water. If this does not help to relieve inflammation, see your doctor.

Treatment of blepharitis by a doctor will depend on the results of the examination. An antibiotic drug in the form of eye drops and eye ointments will be prescribed by a doctor if inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection. Especially in cases of infection that have spread to the outside of the eyelid, antibiotic eye drops are the most commonly prescribed medication by doctors to treat the condition. If the condition does not improve with the use of drugs in the eye, your doctor may give you a drinking antibiotic.

Your doctor will prescribe steroid medications in the form of drops and ointments if the inflammation of your eyelids is not caused by infection. If you experience irritation that interfere with dry eye symptoms, usually the doctor will prescribe eye drops that have the effect of lubricate.

During the treatment, you should eat foods that contain omega-3. Because according to research, these substances can help cure symptoms of blepharitis. Examples of foods containing omega-3s include:
  • Sardines, tuna, salmon
  • Nuts
  • Soy beans and soy products
  • Grains
  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Blepharitis Complications
Blepharitis that is not handled properly risks causing complications such as:
  • Eyelash growth is not normal
  • Eyelash loss
  • Lumps or lumps that are painful at the edges of the eyelids due to growing infections
  • The wound on the eyelid
  • Edge of the eyelid shape that changes (folding in or out)
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Kalazion or a bintit-like lump that appears on the inside of the eyelid
  • Discomfort when wearing lens contacts
  • Tukak on the cornea due to prolonged irritation
  • Corneal damage due to ulcers in the unresolved cornea

Prevention of Blepharitis
In order to avoid blepharitis, wash your face regularly clean every day. In addition, keep the hand hygiene to avoid bacterial contamination when you touch the eyes. If you are a woman and usually wear makeup, do not forget to clean it every night before bed.
If you experience symptoms of swelling and pain, and your eyes look red, see your doctor immediately for a checkup. Do not rub your eyes if you feel itchy because it can expand the spread of infection.

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