1. A homeless farmer is lynched while children look on
Rubin Stacy, 37-year-old was a homeless tenant farmer who knocked on a white woman's door ( Marion Jones ) - she screamed, and he was arrested. As he was being led to jail by six deputies, a mob of about 100 overpowered them - ran their car off the road, and lynched him in a sight of Marion's house, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Marion claimed she offered him a drink of water, but he tried to assault her with a knife, which she later recanted. A photo of the lynching was sent to President F.D. Roosevelt to persuade him to support the Costigan-Wagner Act which would bring federal prosecution to any law enforcement officers who failed to exercise their responsibilities during a lynching incident. - Roosevelt refused to support the bill claiming he would lose Southern votes in the next election.
2. Black woman recalls day she protected alleged Ku Klux Klan member from angry mob
Images of a black teenager leaping into harm's way to protect an alleged Ku Klux Klan member from an angry mob have lost none of their impact 17 years later. Keshia Thomas spoke with the BBC about the day when 17 KKK members held a rally in mostly liberal Ann Arbor, Mich., in June 1996.
Hundreds of locals had arrived to protest their presence, while police with riot gear and tear gas protected the Klansmen. An 18-year-old Thomas stood with the National Women's Rights Organizations Coalition protestors behind a purpose-built fence, when someone in the crowd noticed a white man with a Confederate flag T-shirt and an SS tattoo among them.
3. Civil rights activist James Meredith is shot while on a "March Against Fear"
James H. Meredith, who in 1962 became the first African American to attend the University of Mississippi, is shot by a sniper shortly after beginning a lone civil rights march through the South. Known as the “March Against Fear,” Meredith had been walking from Memphis, Tennessee, to Jackson, Mississippi, in an attempt to encourage voter registration by African Americans in the South.
A former serviceman in the U.S. Air Force, Meredith applied and was accepted to the University of Mississippi in 1962, but his admission was revoked when the registrar learned of his race. A federal court ordered “Ole Miss” to admit him, but when he tried to register on September 20, 1962, he found the entrance to the office blocked by Mississippi Governor Ross Barnett. On September 28, the governor was found guilty of civil contempt and was ordered to cease his interference with desegregation at the university or face arrest and a fine of $10,000 a day. Two days later, Meredith was escorted onto the Ole Miss campus by U.S. Marshals, setting off riots that resulted in the deaths of two students. He returned the next day and began classes. In 1963, Meredith, who was a transfer student from all-black Jackson State College, graduated with a degree in political science.
Three years later, Meredith returned to the public eye when he began his March Against Fear. On June 6, just one day into the march, he was sent to a hospital by a sniper’s bullet. Other civil rights leaders, including Martin Luther King, Jr., and Stokely Carmichael, arrived to continue the march on his behalf. It was during the March Against Fear that Carmichael, who was leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, first spoke publicly of “Black Power”–his concept of militant African American nationalism. James Meredith later recovered and rejoined the march he had originated, and on June 26 the marchers successfully reached Jackson, Mississippi.
4. The Mystery at the Heart of Great Photographs
In 1957, 15-year-old Hazel Bryan became the face of racial intolerance during the civil rights movement. The girl in front of her is Elizabeth Eckford, one of nine African-American students who were entering Little Rock Central High School at the start of desegregation.
Hazel's snarling white face behind her became the symbol of racial bigotry. As the years passed, the young woman felt she had spent much of her life living down the incident. In 1963, she called Eckford to apologize. Eckford accepted and moved on.
But their paths would cross again. In 1997, to mark the 40th anniversary of the desegregation of the school, the women met in person and were again photographed, this time as symbols of racial healing and togetherness. They became friends and spoke in public about the need for harmony. That friendship was short-lived, however—Eckford had doubts about Bryan's motives and ended the friendship.
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5. Car that crashed into Charlottesville crowd had Ohio plates
Marcus Martin, 26, is captured in the photograph above, flying over the hood of the car driven by white supremacist James Fields, Jr. in Charlottesville, Virginia in August 2017. The man, who pushed his fiancée out of the way of the car before it crashed into counter-protesters, said the accused neo-Nazi driver “knew what he was doing.” Martin attended the Charlottesville counter-protests with his fiancée and a friend, Heather Heyer, 32, who was also in the path of the car and died at the scene.
6. UNR Student Seen In Now Notorious Charlottesville Picture Defends White Nationalism
A Nevada college student who was photographed marching in Virginia before a deadly white supremacist rally says he’s not an “angry racist.” KTVN-TV interviewed 20-year-old Peter Cvjetanovic after he was identified online in a photo showing white nationalists marching through the University of Virginia campus carrying torches Friday. On Saturday, a car plowed into a crowd of counter-protesters as tensions turned violent at a related rally. Cvjetanovic says he didn’t expect the photo to spread but that he’s a white nationalist who cares for all people and wants to “preserve what we have.” Republican Sen. Dean Heller of Nevada, after a recent photo of the two reportedly surfaced, condemned the events and said he didn’t know Cvjetanovic.
7. Real Violence: 50 Years Ago at Woolworth
John Salter, a social science professor at Tougaloo College, sat with his students Anne Moody, Pearlena Lewis and Memphis Norman--a white man and three black students--at the "Whites Only" counter in Woolworth's store lunch counter. Nobody would serve them. Behind them was a growing crowd of frenzied onlookers, police officers and news people. It was 11:15 a.m. on May 28, 1963.
#Bill Minor, then a reporter for the New Orleans Times-Picayune, was there that day. He was the Mississippi correspondent covering civil rights events in Jackson and the state. Minor, tipped off by Medgar Evers, gathered with the other news people at the planned sit-in and watched the scene unfold.
#"The people working behind the counter at Woolworth's were afraid to serve anybody," Minor says. "They just let them sit there. They wouldn't serve them. That's what they were ordered to do--not serve any blacks."
#Some people wanted no trouble and left the counter, leaving them alone. After the students sat for a while, the crowd began to taunt them. They wanted the "n*ggers"--both white and black--to leave. By noon, high school students from Central High School (since disbanded, now the Department of Education building) came inside on their lunch hour, looking for action. Soon the space was filled with an anxious crowd, whipping themselves up. A mob was forming.
#The verbal abuse escalated to physical altercations. People poured mustard and ketchup on the heads of John, Anne, Pearlena and Memphis. Another (white) student from Tougaloo, Joan Trumpauer (now Mulholland) stood outside as a look-out for any counter-protesters. Inside, people kept pouring the condiments on their heads.
#Police officers watched the events unfold but did nothing.
#In a quick burst, someone pulled Memphis Norman off his stool and threw him to the ground.
#"These white thugs began kicking him in the face right there on the floor," Minor recalls.
#Blood fell from Norman's mouth. The other students remained seated.
#"The police officers were inside of the store watching the whole thing, just a few feet away while these thugs were kicking this young black guy," Minor says. "Kicking him in the face, and they did nothing to restrain them. They let it go on for a good while. Finally, they broke it up." The police officers arrested Norman and someone who attacked him.
#Anne was pulled from her seat, as was Pearlena, but they were not struck, and they fought their way back to the counter. By this time, Lois Chaffee, a white faculty member at Tougaloo, and Joan Trumpauer took seats at the counter.
#John Salter was struck down by a punch, leaving Anne, Pearlena, Joan and Lois--two blacks, two whites--at the counter. Their bodies were smeared with dried ketchup, mustard, sugar, anything that was on the counter. They sat and faced the front.
#Minor recalls covering the event, unable to help or interfere. "Being a newsman--even though it might tear your heart out," Minor says, "you can't get involved."
#They sat at the counter for hours. Finally, the manager of the store closed it down. It was finally time to leave, but it was hard to leave--there was a crowd outside, too. No police officer would escort them out, so the president of Tougaloo College, Dr. A. D. Beittel, who arrived after he heard what was going on, led the students out of Woolworth's.
#Years later, Anne Moody went on to write in her autobiography "Coming of Age In Mississippi": "When we got outside, the policemen formed a single line that blocked the mob from us. However, they were allowed to throw at us everything they had collected."
#The four were taken to the NAACP headquarters on Lynch Street.
#Moody also wrote that, later that night, a huge meeting of people gathered to organize more demonstrations. Medgar Evers told the crowd that the Woolworth sit-in was just the beginning, a continuation of the ones held in North Carolina, Tennessee and Florida, and was a precursor to what was coming; Jackson would be a place to take a stand. Evers was shot in the back and died in his driveway three weeks later.
#Demonstrations similar to the Woolworth sit-in in Jackson occurred, but Bill Minor says Woolworth was "the signature event of the protest movement in Jackson. The first one there was with real violence."
#The next year, in 1964, the Civil Rights Act was passed into law.
8. A KKK image finds news life 25 years after it was first published
This photo was shot about 25 years ago, by former photographer Todd Robertson at a KKK rally in Gainesville, Georgia.
The white supremacist group hoped to breathe some life into its declining membership of the late 1980s and early '90s. While reporters and the staff photographer of Gainesville Times focused on the speakers at the rally and watched for potential signs of conflict, Robertson followed a mother and her two young boys, dressed in iconic KKK garb. One of the boys approached a black state trooper, who was holding his riot shield on the ground. Seeing his reflection, the boy reached for the shield, and Robertson snapped the photo. Almost immediately, his mother swooped in and took away the toddler, whom she identified as “Josh.”
Robertson, who left photography behind and has no idea of the whereabouts of Josh or how he turned out, interprets the trooper's reaction as a mix of “disgust and sorrow. They felt sorry for the kid. You could tell he did not know the difference between that day and Halloween.”
9. A Photo Being Shared Online Showing A Black Police Officer Protecting Ku Klux Klan Members Is From A Previous Racist Rally
This photo was shared across social media several thousand times after the events in Charlottesville, Virginia, but it is not from that rally. It shows a picture of a black cop standing in front of white supremacists and was taken in July 2017 in the city.
Officer Darius Ricco Nash was on duty and said of the photo, "I don't feel like I'm a hero for it. I swore to protect my city, and that's what I was there to do. I don't think it makes me a hero, just doing what I believe in.” Nash also said he appreciated the show of support for law enforcement and said the experience "humbled me a whole lot, just seeing how a picture like that can reveal so much."