Bradycardia is a condition in which the patient's heart beats slower than normal. Generaaly, the normal heart rate in adults at rest is 60 to 100 times per minute. While the heart of patients with bradycardia beats below 60 times per minute. In some people, slow heartbeat does not cause medical problems. But in some others, bradycardia can be a sign of a disruption of the electrical system of the heart. Bradycardia can be a serious disease, can even cause death, if the heart can not pump enough oxygen to the body. In some cases, bradycardia may show no symptoms or complications whatsoever.
Symptoms of Bradikardia
Symptoms are something that is felt and told by the sufferer. If bradycardia causes oxygen supply to the body and brain is not enough, then the sufferer usually feels some of the following symptoms:
- Memory disorders.
- Shortness of breath or shortness of breath.
- Difficult to concentrate.
- Pain in the chest.
- Tired easily during physical activity.
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Causes of bradycardia
Something that interferes with electrical impulses controlling the tempo of the heartbeat will be the cause of bradycardia. Many things cause the disorder, some of which are:
- The electrolyte imbalance of the body is needed to generate electrical impulses.
- Damage to heart tissue due to age, heart attack, or certain diseases.
- High blood pressure or hypertension.
- Cardiac abnormalities at birth.
- Infection of heart tissue.
- Complications at heart surgery.
- Recurrent respiratory distress during sleep.
- Inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatic fever or lupus.
- Iron accumulation in organs.
- Disturbance in sinus stains, heart electrical source.
- Heart block. Conditions in which the disruption of the flow of electricity that controls the heart rate.
Diagnosis of Bradikardia
Diagnosis is a doctor's step to identify a disease or condition that explains the symptoms and signs experienced by the patient. Some of the steps doctors generally take to diagnose bradycardia are:
- Electrocardiogram . This is the primary tool for diagnosing bradycardia. Small sensors attached to the chest and hands of the patient to record electrical signals flowing through the heart. Your doctor may also be watching your heart rate while you're exercising.
- Laboratory tests and other tests . The doctor may ask the patient for a blood test to identify medical conditions such as hypothyroidism, electrolyte imbalance, and infection.
Treatment and Prevention of Bradikardia
This type of treatment of bradycardia will be adjusted for the factors, severity and type of electrical disturbances that interfere with the heart of the patient. If bradycardia does not cause symptoms, doctors may not take treatment measures.
If the cause of bradycardia is a particular drug, most doctors will immediately look for alternatives to other drugs as a replacement, or adjust the dosage that is appropriate to the condition of the body of patients with bradycardia.
Your doctor may also place a pacemaker under your collarbone. This tool will generate the electrical impulses required to keep the beat of the heartbeat.
There are several steps you can take to prevent your heart from experiencing bradycardia:
- Exercise and follow a healthy diet.
- Controls ideal body weight.
- Maintain blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
- Quit smoking.
- Do not over-drink alcohol.
- Not taking any illegal drugs.
- Avoiding stress.
- Conduct heart examinations regularly.