Dandruff may be the result of a dry scalp, or a skin condition called seborrheic dermatitis. It could also be caused by eczema, psoriasis, or, very commonly, an overgrowth of a yeastlike fungus called malassezia. (Here are surprising reasons you may be suddenly prone to dandruff). Drugstore remedies might include shampoos with zinc pyrithione, which targets fungus and bacteria; ketoconazole, which also fights fungus; coal tar and selenium sulfide, which slow the growth and die-off of skin cells on your scalp; and salicylic acid, which loosens flakes so they can be washed away. For some trusted natural treatments, read on.
Aspirin contains the same active ingredient (salicylic acid) as many medicated dandruff shampoos. Keep flaking in check by crushing two aspirins to a fine powder and adding it to the normal amount of shampoo you use each time you wash your hair. Leave the mixture on your hair for 1-2 minutes, then rinse well and wash again with plain shampoo.
Tea tree oil
One study showed that shampoos with just 5 percent tea tree oil significantly improves the severity of dandruff. You can also add a few drops of tea tree oil to your favorite shampoo as you wash normally.
Your kitchen could hold the key to an itch-free, flake-free scalp. Wet your hair and then rub a handful of baking soda vigorously into your scalp. Skip the shampoo and go right to rinsing. Baking soda reduces overactive fungi that can cause dandruff. Your hair may get dried out at first, but after a few weeks your scalp will start producing natural oils, leaving your hair softer and free of flakes.
Apple cider vinegar
Dr. Mehmet Oz swears by apple cider vinegar as a dandruff treatment, as the acidity of apple cider vinegar changes the pH of your scalp, making it harder for yeast to grow. Mix a quarter cup apple cider vinegar with a quarter cup water in a spray bottle and spritz on your scalp. Wrap your head in a towel and let sit for 15 minutes to an hour, then wash your hair as usual. Do this twice a week.
To treat a bad case of dandruff, wash your hair with your regular shampoo, then rinse with an alcohol-based mouthwash. Follow with your regular conditioner. Mouthwash's anti-fungal properties help prevent dandruff-causing yeast from growing.
Crunchybetty says coconut oil is a "tried and true" dandruff treatment, and it smells nice too. Before showering, massage 3-5 tablespoons of coconut oil into your scalp and let sit for about an hour. Shampoo normally. You can also look for a shampoo that already contains coconut oil.
Dandruff relief may be no farther away than your refrigerator. Just massage 2 tablespoons lemon juice into your scalp and rinse with water. Then stir 1 teaspoon lemon juice into 1 cup water and rinse your hair with it. Repeat this daily until your dandruff disappears. Lemon's acidity helps balance the pH of your scalp, which helps keeps dandruff at bay.
The abrasiveness of ordinary table salt works great for scrubbing out dandruff flakes before you shampoo. Grab a saltshaker and shake some salt onto your dry scalp. Then work it through your hair, giving your scalp a massage. You'll find you've worked out the dry, flaky skin and are ready for a shampoo.
Stop yourself from scratching by massaging aloe vera into your scalp before shampooing. The cooling effects of aloe vera will soothe the itch.
Garlic's antimicrobial properties are perfect for eliminating dandruff-causing bacteria. Crush garlic and rub it into your scalp. To avoid that potent smell, healwithfood.org suggests mixing crushed garlic with honey and massaging into the scalp before washing as usual.
An overnight olive oil soak is a folk remedy for dandruff. Massage about 10 drops into your scalp and cover with a shower cap overnight. Follow your regular shampoo routine in the morning. For a quicker cure, look for a shampoo that contains olive oil.
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The Remedies That Really Do Get Rid Of Dandruff Once And For All
If an itchy scalp and white flakes peppering your shoulders seem to be the embarrassing norm, read on to learn how to get them under control.
Dandruff vs. Flaky Scalp
“There are many causes of a flaky scalp,” says Amy Kassouf, M.D., a dermatologist at the Cleveland Clinic, “the main reason being seborrheic dermatitis [also known as] dandruff.” Dandruff doesn’t come from the scalp being dry, as most people commonly think. Instead, it comes from an overreaction to yeast commonly found on the skin, which leads to an overproduction of oils. This causes irritation, and the creation of oily, waxy flakes. Doctors aren’t sure why it happens to some people, but not to others.
Other causes of dandruff include illness and dermatological conditions. “People with psoriasis and eczema and other skin conditions can get flaky scalps as well,” says Dr. Kassouf.
Some factors don’t cause flaky scalp, but make flaking worse, including everyday stress, your diet, and hair products. “Protein-enhanced or enriched drug store shampoos and conditioners are loaded down with things like silicone and I’ve seen many scalps having trouble with them,” says hairstylist and cosmetology educator Stephanie Johnson, creator of HairFacePhoto.com.
Another factor that makes flaking worse: Age. As we get older our skin naturally loses moisture and dries out more easily. But points out, Dr. Kassouf, “Age is only one factor. Even things as simple as season changes can result in improvement or worsening of these scalp changes. Medications can contribute as well.”
How to Get Rid of Flakes
If you notice flakes, make an appointment with your dermatologist, who can tell you exactly what is going on with your scalp. He or she will likely recommend one of several of these remedies:
Dandruff shampoos ― “Dandruff shampoos come with many different ingredients,” says Dr. Kassouf. Your best bet is to read shampoo labels to find out the active ingredients. “Shampoos with salicylic acid help exfoliate the scales, selenium sulfide or zinc pyrithione decrease inflammation and certain types of bacteria and yeast, and ketoconazole is mainly to decrease yeast in the scalp,” says Dr. Kassouf.
Topical steroids ― Your dermatologist can prescribe topical steroid solutions such as hydrocortisone, which can be helpful in decreasing scalp inflammation.
Tea Tree Oil -- This natural essential oil found in health food and vitamin stores, is commonly used as an astringent on the skin to help unclog pores. You can rub a few drops into your scalp to help reduce itchiness and oil.
White or Apple Cider Vinegar ― “Sometimes something simple like rinsing with a diluted solution of vinegar can change the pH of the skin and rebalance the flora and diminish the irritation,” says Dr. Kassouf.
You might think that you should shampoo less often when you have dandruff, but that would be a mistake. Shampooing normal hair every day can strip oil from your scalp, leaving hair dry. When you have dandruff, there is an overproduction of oil, so shampooing daily to clear the oil is important. Dr. Kassouf suggests shampooing daily for a week or two until remedies kick in and sympotms get better. Also take time to brush your hair a few times a day. “Doing this, especially before bed, helps distribute the natural oils,” says Johnson.
A Word About Skin Cancer
While flaky scalp is most often benign, it can sometimes be a warning sign of skin cancer. “Skin cancers and general sun damage can result in flaky scalp as we get older, especially if there is hair thinning that lets sun get to the skin of the scalp,” says Dr. Kassouf. “if a scaly area never heals or begins to get sore or bleed or if a pigmented area changes, then it should be evaluated by a dermatologist.”
38 Simple Tips To Get Rid Of Dandruff Permanently
Annoyed by those disgusting looking flakes on your pretty black dress?
I felt the same way too! The white flaky scalp and itching sensation that comes with dandruff is definitely not something you want. If you are suffering from dandruff, I have good news for you! Now, you can wear whatever color you want to with ‘elan’ because I have found the best solutions to treat dandruff, that too with ingredients lying right on your kitchen shelf.
In this article, I bring to you a list of top home remedies for dandruff that are effective and long-lasting. But, before we delve into those, let us look at the source and causes of dandruff.
How Do You Get Dandruff? What Is The Cause Of Dandruff?
Dandruff is caused when a fungus called Malassezia grows on your scalp. This results in shedding of the scalp skin. There are two types of dandruff – one occurs due to the dryness of the scalp, while the other occurs due to the excessive production of oil on the scalp. Some of the known causes of dandruff are:
- Improper and irregular brushing of hair
- Infrequent shampooing
- Improper diet
- Stress and certain illnesses like Parkinson’s disease, eczema, and seborrheic dermatitis (1)
Dandruff can be easily combated with natural home solutions. Here are the top 38 remedies for dandruff:
How To Get Rid Of Dandruff Naturally
- Neem And Olive Oil
- Coconut And Honey Scalp Scrub
- Baking Soda And Lemon
- Listerine Mouthwash
- Banana And Apple Cider Vinegar
- Fuller’s Earth
- Orange Peel Pack
- Lemon Juice And Yogurt
- Baking Soda
- Coconut Oil
- Apple Cider Vinegar
- Tea Tree Oil
- Cedarwood Oil
- Fenugreek Seeds
- Egg Yolks
- Olive Oil
- Egg Oil
- Baby Oil
- Lemon Juice (With Coconut Oil)
- Aloe Vera
- Basil Leaves
- Castor Oil
- Witch Hazel
- Neem Oil
- Lavender Oil
- Green Tea
- Fish Oil
- Rosemary Oil
- Oregano Oil